When testing code for https on development environments its usually an annoyance to skip the browser page which states that certificate is not trusted. But in many scenarios where we are dealing with https requested out side of the browser it make development and testing very tedious. Although this post applies to https configuration in IIS, my most recent requirement was to enable message level security on WCF channel.
This might be applicable to other development environments but my assumptions are:
1. Window 7 64 bit.
1. Visual Studio 2010 (this installs makecert.exe)
Important: The certificate we are going to create is used on IIS site and will be tied to the FQDN of the site you are going to use it on.
[Main directions were originally taken from http://blog.aggregatedintelligence.com/2010/04/using-makecert-to-create-certificate.html]
I am adding some more context and fixing some roadblocks I faced while addressing the problems on my local environment…
1. Run Visual Studio 2010 > Visual Studio Tools > Visual Studio Command Prompt (right click and run as Administrator)
2. Optionally change to working directory to root drive just to make it easy to access files > cd\
1. Create a Certificate which represent our fake version of Root Certification Authority (in real world this will be Versign, Geotrust etc and will cost $$)
makecert -r -pe -n "CN=Development Root Certification Authority" -ss Root -sr localMachine -a sha1 -sky signature -sv DevelopmentRoot.pvk DevelopmentRoot.cer
[Passwords are optional. I chose none.]
Type “certmgr” at command prompt and verify if this certificate was installed in “Trusted Root Certification Authority”.
2. Now that we have a Certification Authority, we can use this certification authority to issue certificate to ourselves.
2a.makecert -pe -n "CN=REPLACE THIS WITH YOUR FULL COMPUTER" -a sha1 -sky exchange -eku 220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1 -ic DevelopmentRoot.cer -iv DevelopmentRoot.pvk -sp "Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider" -sy 12 –sv DevelopmentSite.pvk DevelopmentSite.cer
Then go back to certmgr and import the pfx file created in this step to Root Certification Authority store. (This can probably go in some other store but due to shortage of time I just added it to Root Cert Auth. By doing this it shows up in IIS as available certificate to be associated with https binding).
Also import the pfx file created in step 2b. into IIS. Run inetmgr, click on the root node and then click on Server Certificates in the right pane.
note that for –n “CN=REPLACE THIS WITH YOUR FULL COMPUTER” you must make sure that you use Full computer name here. For example if your computer is part of a domain then you should use MachineName.DomanName as the cn name. (You can also verify this by right clicking on my computer > properties > FullComputerName)
3. Create HTTPS binding for the site and use
DevelopmentSite certificate created above.
4. To test the certificate browse to https://machinename.domainname.com/ and you should not get any certificate errors.
Note that https support is not available in Cassini. Although I have heard that there is a VS2010 solution in works. Until we hear more about that and https support this requires that you configure your site in IIS.